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Ebook Knowledge and the Sacred by Seyyed Hossein Nasr read! Book Title: Knowledge and the Sacred
The author of the book: Seyyed Hossein Nasr
ISBN: 0791401774
ISBN 13: 9780791401774
Language: English
Format files: PDF
The size of the: 747 KB
City - Country: No data
Loaded: 1410 times
Reader ratings: 6.3
Edition: State University of New York Press
Date of issue: July 3rd 1989

Read full description of the books:



کتاب بر مبنای سخنرانی‌های ارائه شده آقای نصر در گیفورد نوشته شده. نصر در این کتاب ادعا می‌کند حقیقتی مطلق و نامتناهی وجود دارد و معرفت تلاش برای یکی شدن با آن حقیقت است. اما برای این ادعا برهانی حداقل برهان به معنای امروزیش ارائه نمیشه و به جای آن روی شهود و عقل شهودی تأکید میکنه چیزی که هر چقدر توضیح داد من درست نفهمیدم منظورش چی هست یا مثلا چطور فرد دیگری می‌تواند به این شهود برسد. از طرفی با اشاره به بن‌بست اوضاع کنونی جهان به خصوص غرب به جهت مساله پوچی، معنای زندگی، از بین رفتن محیط زیست و نوعی اقتصادزدگی، انسان‌ها را به بازگشت به سنت تشویق می‌کند.
سنت هم اینطور تعریف می‌کند که حقایق و اصولی است که بر بشر وحی و الهام شده، و این تنها شامل یک سری اصول خاص نمی‌شود بلکه تمامی ادیان ابراهیمی و غیر ابراهیمی متصل به حقیقت مطلق هستند در واقع نصر به نوعی پلورالیسم اعتقاد داره. اما بازهم مشکل اینجاست که دقیقا در همان سنت هم مشخص نیست چطور می‌توان سنت حقیقی را از غیر حقیقی تشخیص داد. مثلا چطور بفهمیم کجا انسان سنتی یا متدینان اشتباه کرده‌اند
در نگاه به عقل هم، عقل را نیازمند وحی می‌داند و اشاره می‌کند که: «تعقل در مقام اندیشیدن و استدلال عادی به حقیقت نایل نخواهد شد مگر از طریق شهود مستقیم پیشین»
بر همین مبانی از انسان سنتی دفاع می‌کند و کلا رنسانس به بعد یک حرکت اشتباه بیان می‌شود. در جایی داخل کتاب اشاره می‌شود که: «عوالم سنتی ذاتا خوب و تصادفا بد و جهان جدید ذاتا بد و تصادفا خوب است». در دفاع از سنت و حمله به مدرنیته هم به نظرم اغراق زیادی وجود داره و هیچ جا در کتاب به اشتباهات و خرابی‌های سنت که در گذشته و حال حاضر نقش داشته اشاره‌ای نمی‌شود، کلا انگار عالم سنتی یک شرایط عالی بوده که ما از دست دادیم انگار نه انگار جنگ‌ها و مشکلات بزرگی داشته.

خیلی کم دیدم داخل نوشته‌ها دلیل و برهان حداقل به معنای امروز آورده بشود و انگار این نوع نگاه بیشتر مبتنی بر شهود است. حتی من جایی ندیدم به نقدها و نظرات دیگران پاسخ داده بشود.

در کل به نظرم برای فردی که مبانی این نگاه را نپذیرفته کتاب مناسبی نیست


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Read information about the author

Ebook Knowledge and the Sacred read Online! Seyyed Hossein Nasr was born on April 7, 1933 (19 Farvadin 1312 A.H. solar) in Tehran into a family of distinguished scholars and physicians. His father, Seyyed Valiallah, a man of great learning and piety, was a physician to the Iranian royal family, as was his father before him. The name "Nasr" which means "victory" was conferred on Professor Nasr's grandfather by the King of Persia. Nasr also comes from a family of Sufis. One of his ancestors was Mulla Seyyed Muhammad Taqi Poshtmashhad, who was a famous saint of Kashan, and his mausoleum which is located next to the tomb of the Safavid king Shah Abbas, is still visited by pilgrims to this day.

Seyyed Hossein Nasr, currently University Professor of Islamic Studies at the George Washington University, Washington D.C. is one of the most important and foremost scholars of Islamic, Religious and Comparative Studies in the world today. Author of over fifty books and five hundred articles which have been translated into several major Islamic, European and Asian languages, Professor Nasr is a well known and highly respected intellectual figure both in the West and the Islamic world. An eloquent speaker with a charismatic presence, Nasr is a much sought after speaker at academic conferences and seminars, university and public lectures and also radio and television programs in his area of expertise. Possessor of an impressive academic and intellectual record, his career as a teacher and scholar spans over four decades.

Professor Nasr began his illustrious teaching career in 1955 when he was still a young and promising, doctoral student at Harvard University. Over the years, he has taught and trained an innumerable number of students who have come from the different parts of the world, and many of whom have become important and prominent scholars in their fields of study.

He has trained different generations of students over the years since 1958 when he was a professor at Tehran University and then, in America since the Iranian revolution in 1979, specifically at Temple University in Philadelphia from 1979 to 1984 and at the George Washington University since 1984 to the present day. The range of subjects and areas of study which Professor Nasr has involved and engaged himself with in his academic career and intellectual life are immense. As demonstrated by his numerous writings, lectures and speeches, Professor Nasr speaks and writes with great authority on a wide variety of subjects, ranging from philosophy to religion to spirituality, to music and art and architecture, to science and literature, to civilizational dialogues and the natural environment.

For Professor Seyyed Hossein Nasr, the quest for knowledge, specifically knowledge which enables man to understand the true nature of things and which furthermore, "liberates and delivers him from the fetters and limitations of earthly existence," has been and continues to be the central concern and determinant of his intellectual life.



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