Read Four Major Plays, Vol. 1: A Doll House / The Wild Duck / Hedda Gabler / The Master Builder by Henrik Ibsen Free Online
Book Title: Four Major Plays, Vol. 1: A Doll House / The Wild Duck / Hedda Gabler / The Master Builder|
The author of the book: Henrik Ibsen
ISBN 13: 9780756970970
Format files: PDF
The size of the: 885 KB
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Reader ratings: 5.7
Edition: Perfection Learning Corp.
Date of issue: June 28th 2006
Read full description of the books:
Social status, deep secrets and what people think about themselves and others are at the heart of these four celebrated plays. Ibsen, as well as any writer, peels away the layers of personas people choose to create about them to reveal the essence of motives and the eternal truths that mold us. Although these plays are set in nineteenth century Norwegian society, their subjects and themes are at home today. Rather than describe the plays in this volume, I’d rather sum them up with a quote taken from each:
A Doll House: “But there’s no one who gives up honor for love.”
The Wild Duck: “There are people in this world who plunge to the bottom when they’ve hardly been winged, and they never come up again.”
Hedda Gabler: “People don’t do such things!”
The Master Builder: “What if he slipped and fell—he, the master builder himself!”
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Read information about the authorHenrik Johan Ibsen was a major Norwegian playwright largely responsible for the rise of modern realistic drama. He is often referred to as the "father of modern drama." Ibsen is held to be the greatest of Norwegian authors and one of the most important playwrights of all time, celebrated as a national symbol by Norwegians.
His plays were considered scandalous to many of his era, when Victorian values of family life and propriety largely held sway in Europe and any challenge to them was considered immoral and outrageous. Ibsen's work examined the realities that lay behind many facades, possessing a revelatory nature that was disquieting to many contemporaries.
Ibsen largely founded the modern stage by introducing a critical eye and free inquiry into the conditions of life and issues of morality. Victorian-era plays were expected to be moral dramas with noble protagonists pitted against darker forces; every drama was expected to result in a morally appropriate conclusion, meaning that goodness was to bring happiness, and immorality pain. Ibsen challenged this notion and the beliefs of his times and shattered the illusions of his audiences.